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Rugs made of new materials

Marjatta Metsovaara made such rapid progress in carpet design as she grew up in carpet manufacturing as a small child.

Artek’s exhibition in 1957 featured a convincing display of a collection of new and promising carpet designs that did not exist in Finland before. High-quality rugs were enthusiastically received, and their varying color scales were considered with acclaim in the carpet industry. Metsovaara’s carpets were very durable. The materials used were netting fabric, linen twine, sisal yarn, coconut hair, and horsehair yarn which made these carpets truly dirt-repellent easy to clean, and considerably more durable than, for example, wool or rag rugs. In the 1950s, the range included thick and very soft rugs. A skillful combination of wool and sisal made the carpets airy and light and available in different thicknesses. It wasn’t easy to dye the fibers for such carpets. Marjatta also valued handspun yarns, even for carpets produced by machines.

 

At the end of the 1950s, Marjatta Metsovaara introduced more carpets with imaginative and open-minded woven surfaces. New products included a carpet in wool with a thick weft yarn that was hand-spun into bamboo and light woven linen. The thick parts of the mix formed a kind of fluff during weaving. The name of this carpet was Tarik. These patternless pile carpets were also hand-woven at the mill in Urjalankylä. One famous design was Nukka (pile), and it was sold by the meter and a huge success. Its surface impression was very rugged, the colors deep and softly harmonious and very personal. Nukka went well with other Metsovaara textiles.

From the beginning of the 1960s, Metsovaara began to commission mechanical productions, especially the ryijy rugs. Wittrup in Denmark produced some designs like Rinkula.

In the 1960s Marjatta Metsovaara experimented with tough and green esparto rope. So came the Sparto rug with sisal as a warp and plastic tape and esparto rope as a weft. The ends of this hand-woven rug were braided. It was a vibrant and solid, and durable carpet.

The Niru-Naru rug was rough and brisk, with Esperanto hay for the warp and sisal for the weft. The Tunturi rug with a loped and uncut puppet was made of plastic and well suited for bathrooms. Terra and Villaterra (wool terra) were soft rugs in wool that were skilfully mixed in 2 colors or in 2 different yarn qualities to create an interesting surface effect. Sisal hemp (the most valuable hard fiber) was combined with linen and jute to make the Raanu rug, a practical country house rug designed for the Swedish market.  It was sold in Finland as well.

American-Finnish company Finnrya moved to Finland in 1963 to manufacture rugs industrially. The most exciting models they made were these designed by Marjatta Metsovaara. In the beginning, Finnrya was using a long worsted yarn that was of high quality, glossy, vibrant, and bright in color, and 20 different shades of color were available. Only two different shades of colors could be tied to one fluff tassel. Simpukka was the most interesting design of all and is now among the most coveted collectibles reaching high prices in auctions.

Because the Employee’s Pension Act coming to force in 1969, Metsovaara had to reduce the production of handwoven rugs.

 

Back to history

Rugs made of new materials

Marjatta Metsovaara made such rapid progress in carpet design as she grew up in carpet manufacturing as a small child.

Artek’s exhibition in 1957 featured a convincing display of a collection of new and promising carpet designs that did not exist in Finland before. High-quality rugs were enthusiastically received, and their varying color scales were considered with acclaim in the carpet industry. Metsovaara’s carpets were very durable. The materials used were netting fabric, linen twine, sisal yarn, coconut hair, and horsehair yarn which made these carpets truly dirt-repellent easy to clean, and considerably more durable than, for example, wool or rag rugs. In the 1950s, the range included thick and very soft rugs. A skillful combination of wool and sisal made the carpets airy and light and available in different thicknesses. It wasn’t easy to dye the fibers for such carpets. Marjatta also valued handspun yarns, even for carpets produced by machines.

 

At the end of the 1950s, Marjatta Metsovaara introduced more carpets with imaginative and open-minded woven surfaces. New products included a carpet in wool with a thick weft yarn that was hand-spun into bamboo and light woven linen. The thick parts of the mix formed a kind of fluff during weaving. The name of this carpet was Tarik. These patternless pile carpets were also hand-woven at the mill in Urjalankylä. One famous design was Nukka (pile), and it was sold by the meter and a huge success. Its surface impression was very rugged, the colors deep and softly harmonious and very personal. Nukka went well with other Metsovaara textiles.

From the beginning of the 1960s, Metsovaara began to commission mechanical productions, especially the ryijy rugs. Wittrup in Denmark produced some designs like Rinkula.

In the 1960s Marjatta Metsovaara experimented with tough and green esparto rope. So came the Sparto rug with sisal as a warp and plastic tape and esparto rope as a weft. The ends of this hand-woven rug were braided. It was a vibrant and solid, and durable carpet.

The Niru-Naru rug was rough and brisk, with Esperanto hay for the warp and sisal for the weft. The Tunturi rug with a loped and uncut puppet was made of plastic and well suited for bathrooms. Terra and Villaterra (wool terra) were soft rugs in wool that were skilfully mixed in 2 colors or in 2 different yarn qualities to create an interesting surface effect. Sisal hemp (the most valuable hard fiber) was combined with linen and jute to make the Raanu rug, a practical country house rug designed for the Swedish market.  It was sold in Finland as well.

American-Finnish company Finnrya moved to Finland in 1963 to manufacture rugs industrially. The most exciting models they made were these designed by Marjatta Metsovaara. In the beginning, Finnrya was using a long worsted yarn that was of high quality, glossy, vibrant, and bright in color, and 20 different shades of color were available. Only two different shades of colors could be tied to one fluff tassel. Simpukka was the most interesting design of all and is now among the most coveted collectibles reaching high prices in auctions.

Because the Employee’s Pension Act coming to force in 1969, Metsovaara had to reduce the production of handwoven rugs.

 

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